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Post Memory Corruption Memory Analysis

Type
Paper
Tags
memory
Authors
Jonathan Brossard
Event
Black Hat USA 2011
Indexed on
Feb 12, 2014
URL
https://media.blackhat.com/bh-us-11/Brossard/BH_US_11_Brossard_Post_Memory_WP.pdf
File name
BH_US_11_Brossard_Post_Memory_WP.pdf
File size
574.1 KB
MD5
d83073147010aa01a02769c7c41db157
SHA1
98aa3ee45c9863f7f9f218f5e60914a20a143090

In this presentation, we introduce a new exploitation methodology of invalid memory reads and writes, based on dataflow analysis after a memory corruption bug has occured inside a running process. We will expose a methodology which shall help writting a reliable exploit out of a PoC triggering an invalid memory write, in presence of security defense mechanisme such as compiler enchancements (full RELRO, SSP...), or kernel anti exploitation features (ASLR, NX...). We will demonstrate how to:find all the function pointers inside a running process, how to determine which ones would have been dereferenced after the crash, which ones are truncable (in particular with 0x00000000). In case all of the above fail, how to test for specific locations overwrites in order to indirectly trigger a second vulnerability allowing greater control and eventually control flow hijacking. All of the above without source code, indeed ;) In the case of invalid memory reads, we will exemplify how indirectly influence the control flow of execution by reading arbitary values, how to trace all the unaligned memory access and how to test if an invalid read can be turned into an invalid write or used to infere the mapping of the binary. We will also introduce a new debugging technique which allows for very effective testing of all of the above by forcing the debugged process to fork(). Automatically. And with a rating of the best read/write location based on probabilities of mapping addresses (because of ASLR). Finally, since overwriting function pointers doesn't allow direct shellcode execution because of W^X mappings, we introduce a new exploitation technique which works even in the most hardcore kernels such as grsecurity. IT is called "stack desynchronization" and allows frame faking inside the stack itself. Those techniques are implemented in the form of a proof of concept tool running under x86 GNU/Linux to be released during the conference : pmcma.

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