Digital Rights Management (DRM) does not work without legal protection. Consequently World Intellectual Property Organisation's (WIPO) Copyright Treaty (WCT) and WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty have a provision, which requires signing countries to change their legislation to give this protection. Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)in USA and EU Copyright directive (EUCD) are results of this changing process. EUCD has not yet been implemented in the member countries, but it has to be before 22. December 2002. One of the most crucial questions to scientific world is what kind of exceptions exist or will exist to shield the research (cryptography etc), which contradicts with the protection these laws are supposed to offer. This paper describes and analyses this question in detail. In particular the paper presents practical guidelines for developers' experimenting with cryptography. Finally this article address the question, what can be done in Europe to affect the outcomes of national implementations of EUCD to give the widest possible protection to research in these questions.
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